The Essential Homeowner’s Guide to Toilet Repair

Jul 2, 2024 | Blog, Plumbing, Toilet

Maintaining a functional toilet is crucial for any homeowner. Understanding the common toilet repair issues and knowing how to fix them can save you time, money, and stress. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the most frequent toilet problems and how to address them effectively.

white toilet bowl with cistern

The Importance of Having a Working Toilet

The significance of a working toilet extends beyond mere convenience. It is a fundamental component of modern sanitation and public health. Toilets help prevent the spread of disease by safely disposing of human waste, thus maintaining a hygienic environment.


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Moreover, a fully functional toilet contributes to the comfort and overall well-being of a household. When a toilet is in disrepair, it can lead to unpleasant odors, unsanitary conditions, and potential water damage, all of which can disrupt daily living.

Ensuring your toilet remains in good working order is not only a matter of personal comfort but also a crucial step in safeguarding the health and integrity of your home.

white ceramic toilet bowl with cover

Common Toilet Repair Issues

Clogged Drains

A clogged toilet is one of the most common problems homeowners face. It usually happens due to excessive toilet paper or foreign objects blocking the drain.

Running Toilets

A running toilet can waste a significant amount of water and increase your utility bill. This issue is often caused by a faulty flapper valve or fill valve.

Leaking Tanks

If you notice water pooling around the base of your toilet, you might have a leaking tank. This could be due to a damaged wax ring or loose tank-to-bowl hardware. Toilet leaking can lead to water damage. If you think you have a leak consider a new wax ring, flush valves, toilet flappers, or small hose replacement parts. If these don’t work, the leak in your toilet base might need to be replaced with a new toilet.

Toilet Flush Valve

A malfunctioning flush valve can prevent your toilet from flushing properly. This part is responsible for releasing water from the tank into the bowl.

Wax Ring

The wax ring seals the toilet to the floor, preventing leaks. Over time, it can wear out and cause water to seep onto the bathroom floor.

Lift Chain

The lift chain connects the toilet handle to the flapper. If it’s too loose or broken, the toilet won’t flush properly.

Water Level Inside

The water level inside the tank should be just below the overflow tube. If it’s too low or too high, the toilet won’t function efficiently.

Supply Line

The water supply line connects the toilet to your home’s plumbing system. If this line is damaged or loose, it can cause leaks.

Most Toilet Problems are Caused By:

Understanding the common causes of toilet problems can help you prevent them and maintain a smoothly functioning bathroom. Here are some of the primary reasons:

  • Excessive Use of Toilet Paper: Overloading the toilet with too much toilet paper can lead to clogs and blockages in the drain.
  • Flushing Non-Flushable Items: Items like wipes, feminine hygiene products, and cotton balls should never be flushed as they can cause serious blockages.
  • Worn Out Parts: Components such as the flapper valve, fill valve, and wax ring can wear out over time, leading to leaks and inefficient operation. If your toilet works one day and not the next, it might be due to worn out parts.
  • Improper Installation: Even a minor mistake during installation can cause ongoing issues like leaks or inefficient flushing.
  • Hard Water Deposits: Mineral buildup from hard water can affect the performance of internal toilet mechanisms, leading to issues like running toilets.
  • Loose or Damaged Hardware: Loose tank-to-bowl hardware or a damaged supply line can cause leaks and water wastage.
  • High Water Pressure: Excessive water pressure can damage valves and seals inside the toilet, leading to leaks or running water.

By addressing these common causes, you can prevent many toilet problems and ensure your bathroom stays in top-notch condition.

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Where to Buy Repair Parts

When it comes to fixing toilet problems, having the right parts on hand is crucial. Here are some reliable sources where you can purchase quality toilet repair parts:

  • Home Improvement Stores: Large retailers like Home Depot and Lowe’s offer a wide selection of toilet repair parts, from flapper valves to fill valves.
  • Plumbing Supply Stores: Specialized plumbing stores often carry a comprehensive range of parts, including those for specific toilet brands and models.
  • Online Retailers: Websites like Amazon and eBay provide a convenient way to shop for repair parts, with user reviews to help guide your purchase.
  • Manufacturer Websites: For brand-specific parts, visiting the manufacturer’s website can ensure compatibility and quality.
  • Local Hardware Stores: Neighborhood hardware stores can be a great resource for finding essential toilet repair parts quickly and easily.
  • Warehouse Clubs: Stores like Costco and Sam’s Club often stock bulk repair supplies and can be a good option for commonly used parts.
  • Second-Hand and Salvage Shops: These shops can be a treasure trove for finding parts for older or discontinued toilet models.

By sourcing your repair parts from these trusted locations, you’ll be well-equipped to tackle any toilet issues that arise.

pink and white ceramic toilet bowl

When to Know If You Need an Entire Toilet Replacement

Knowing when to replace your toilet rather than repair it can save you both time and frustration. Here are some signs that indicate it might be time for an entirely new unit:

  • Frequent Repairs: If you find yourself constantly dealing with repairs and the costs are piling up, it might be more economical to replace the toilet.
  • Cracks in the Tank or Bowl: Visible cracks can lead to significant water damage, and in such cases, replacement is the best option.
  • Constant Clogs: If your toilet frequently clogs, even with normal use, there could be a deeper issue that warrants a replacement.
  • Inefficient Flushing: Older toilets may not use water efficiently, leading to higher utility bills. Upgrading to a modern, water-saving model can be beneficial.
  • Wobbling or Unstable Base: A wobbly toilet might be indicative of underlying structural issues, suggesting a new installation is the safest choice.
  • Persistent Leaks: If you have recurring leaks despite multiple attempts to fix them, a new toilet can resolve the issue for good.
  • Outdated Design: Aesthetics matter too; an older, outdated toilet can be replaced to match modern bathroom designs and improve overall appeal.
  • Surface Damage: If the porcelain is scratched or discolored beyond repair, installing a new toilet can enhance the look and hygiene of your bathroom.

By being aware of these indicators, you can make a more informed decision about when it’s time to replace your toilet rather than just repair it.

A bunch of plumber tools

Tools Needed for Toilet Repair

To tackle these common toilet repair issues, you’ll need the following tools:

  • Plunger
  • Toilet Auger
  • Adjustable Wrench
  • Screwdriver
  • Bucket
  • Gloves

Professional plumber working with plumbing tools in bathroom

Step-by-Step Instructions for Each Repair

Fixing a Clogged Drain

  1. Use a Plunger: Place the plunger over the drain and push down firmly, then pull up quickly. Repeat until the clog is cleared.
  2. Toilet Auger: If the plunger doesn’t work, use a toilet auger to break up the clog.

Repairing a Running Toilet

  1. Check the Toilet Flapper Valve: Ensure it’s sealing properly. Replace if necessary.
  2. Adjust the Fill Valve: Ensure the water level inside the tank is correct.

Fixing a Leaking Tank

  1. Inspect the Wax Ring: Replace the wax ring if it’s damaged.
  2. Tighten Tank-to-Bowl Hardware: Use an adjustable wrench to ensure the bolts are secure.

Replacing the Toilet Flush Valve

  1. Turn Off Water Supply: Shut off the water supply valve and drain the toilet tank.
  2. Remove Old Flush Valve: Unscrew the old flush valve and replace it with a new one.

Adjusting the Lift Chain

  1. Check the Chain Length: Ensure it’s not too long or too short. Adjust as needed.
  2. Replace if Broken: Attach a new lift chain if the old one is damaged.

Correcting the Water Level Inside

  1. Adjust the Float: Raise or lower the toilet float to ensure the water level is just below the overflow tube.

Securing the Supply Line

  1. Inspect for Leaks: Check the water supply line for any damage.
  2. Tighten Connections: Use an adjustable wrench to ensure all connections are secure.

When to Call a Professional

While many toilet repairs can be handled with a bit of DIY effort, some issues may require professional assistance. If you’re facing any of the following, it’s best to call a plumber:

  • Persistent leaks despite multiple attempts to fix them.
  • Visible cracks in the toilet bowl or tank.
  • Unidentifiable issues that continue to cause problems.

Maintenance Tips to Prevent Future Problems

Regular maintenance can help prevent many common toilet problems. Here’s how to keep your toilet in good shape:

  • Inspect Regularly: Check for leaks and wear and tear.
  • Clean Properly: Use non-abrasive cleaners to avoid damaging the toilet parts.
  • Avoid Flushing Foreign Objects: Only flush toilet paper and waste to prevent clogs.
  • Check Water Levels: Ensure the water level inside the tank is correct.

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Conclusion

Maintaining a functional toilet is essential for a hassle-free home. By understanding common toilet problems and how to fix them, you can save time and money. Don’t forget to share this guide with other homeowners who might find it useful.

If you need help with a toilet repair, please reach out to us at Maryland Sewer and Plumbing. We’ll be the solution to keep common issues at bay. Reach out to us today!

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